Hamster 101: Russian Dwarf Hamster Care

The Russian dwarf hamster is a species of hamsters that is classified into the genus of Phodopus. It is called Russian hamster for its origin which is from the areas of Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Siberia, and the northeast of mainland China. Meanwhile, it is called dwarf for its body size that is indeed smaller than its fellow hamsters.

russian dwarf hamster care
Russian Dwarf Hamster

Russian Dwarf Hamster Characteristics

There are only 3 color variants of this type of hamster. They are white snow, pearl, and sapphire. Out from those 3 colors, it seems that the white Russian dwarf hamster is the most often to find. The habitat of this animal is on the large snowy areas without trees that are indeed largely seen in Kazakhstan and Siberia.

Uniquely, the other two variants of Russian dwarf hamsters, the pearl and sapphire hamsters are simply turning into white when they are placed in low temperature. Then, when they are brought back to the normal temperature, the normal color is back. The original white color and color change is basically a way this animal to stay alive from the predators’ attacks.

Read also : Campbell’s Dwarf Hamster Care

Another characteristic is that this type of hamsters is really like to bite. Actually, it is their ways to protect themselves. But if you are able to tame them, they can be really cute. The Russian dwarf hamsters can simply jump to your hands without you even asking them.

Physically, the ears of Russian dwarf hamsters are quite different from others. They direct to the back part as well as the snout is quite longer than others. Unfortunately, this hamster is also known as the laziest hamsters of all. Yes, it loves to sleep more than playing.

russian dwarf hamster food
Russian Dwarf Hamster in Action

Russian Dwarf Hamster Care

In caring of Russian Dwarf Hamsters, it is actually not so much different from other hamsters’ treatments. However, there are some specific things you must acknowledge.

Gap betweet two bars

First, the gap between two bars must be smaller than 4 cm so that the hamsters cannot escape. If there is wire to separate the house, it must be layered by PVC to avoid corrosion.

Read also : Winter White Dwarf Hamster Care


Second, many toys and tubes where the hamsters can play are indeed interesting to see. However, the cleaning process is difficult to do. Meanwhile, Russian Dwarf Hamsters need a place that is always clean for its body that is quite sensitive. Moreover, this animal can be interested in the plastic and tries to bite it.

Beware of using Glass house

Third, you should avoid using glass house since it causes bad air circulation. It leads to the increase of ammonia substance that is very toxic for the hamsters. In the case you must use the glass house, clean it more often to make sure that the hamsters are healthy and safe.

Russian Dwarf Hamster Food

russian dwarf hamster food recommendation
Russian Dwarf Hamster Food

Fourth, it is about the Russian dwarf hamster food. No matter what the foods they eat, this type of hamsters are able to eat the packaged hamster foods available in the stores. Commonly, they are in the form of seeds. But you must aware if the hamster is getting too picky by selecting the seeds to eat. It may cause them lacking from nutrition.

If you want more natural things to consume by your hamsters, you can add fresh vegetables into your russian dwarf hamster food menu. Some of the vegetables considered the best for them are spinach, broccoli, cauliflowers, and cucumbers. In the beginning, they may not like it so the addition of vegetables must be done gradually. Protein sources like eggs are recommended but they should not be too often. Not to forget, prepare pure water for them to drink.

Read also : Chinese Dwarf Hamster

Russian Dwarf Hamster Lifespan

How long does a Russian dwarf hamster live as a pet? Unfortunately, this hamster’s lifespan tends to be shorter than other hamsters’ types. It is only about 1.5-2 years old in its original habitat. Meanwhile, if you keep it as a pet, it has a chance to live longer as long as you pay attention to their foods and habits well.

russian dwarf hamster lifespan
Russian Dwarf Hamster in Hand

FAQ About Russian Dwarf Hamster

Keeping Russian Dwarf Hamsters Together

Another question that is very common to ask is; can you keep Russian Dwarf Hamsters together? There are indeed some hamster types that should not be placed in the same cage. Fortunately, Russian Dwarf Hamsters are not one of them. They can live in pairs or small groups. Sometimes, you even need to put them in a same-sex group in order to let them get along with their friends.

However, the same-sex group living is also risky for them for the action of bullying. So, make sure to pay attention to them anytime. If there is a sign of violence among the hamsters in a group, it is better to separate them. The Russian Dwarf Hamsters’ way of living is actually flexible. It is only the owners who need to notice their daily habit more. this way, a chance to live longer is getting bigger.

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